Fleas are one of the more important groups of insect pests because they not only cause discomfort by biting, but they can transmit several diseases. Adults are about 1/8” long and brownish to black, but reddish black when full of blood. Females lay 4-8 eggs after each blood meal, laying some 400-500 during their lifetime. It is not necessary to have pets in the structure in order to have fleas. Since fleas can jump about 6”vertically they can easily hitch a ride on shoes and pants, etc. Treatments include liquid insecticides with an insect growth regulator (keeps them from breeding).
Lone star tick
These ticks get their name from the single silvery spot located on the female’s upper surface. Although not a structural pest, they attack humans more frequently than any other tick in the eastern and southeastern states. It is of medical importance because it vectors the causal organisms of tularemia, is a minor vector of Rocky Mountain spotted fever, may vector a Lyme disease-like spirochete, and is a cause of tick paralysis. Adult females are about 1/8” long, males are slightly smaller. They are reddish brown becoming slate gray when engorged. The totally engorged female drops off the host and seeks a sheltered place to lay her eggs. After a waiting period of 5-16 days, she lays an egg mass averaging 3,000-5,000 eggs over 7-23 days and then dies. Treatments include liquid insecticides